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In the last months it has become compulsory for food manufacturers to underline in the label the ingredients that may cause allergic reactions in some individuals.
Here are the 7 main food allergens, that is those which are more likely to cause an allergic reaction:
It is important to distinguish among allergies, pseudoallergies and intolerances that is based on the reactions of our body to the eaten food.
Allergies imply the involvement of the immune system and are caused even by a small quantity of food that is harmless for most individuals; pseudoallergies are similar to allergies but they do not involve immune mechanisms; food intolerances, on the contrary, are caused by enzyme deficiency*.
There are standardized tests which are recognised by the Scientific Community and they permit to verify the true presence of allergies to specific foods.
*from "Sportnutrition vol.2: Nutrition for sport and health".da "